Monday, September 1, 2014

Dr Thomas Sparhawk

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The Sparhawk School Amesbury MA

Dr. Thomas Sparhawk  (1806–1874) was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He graduated from Dartmouth and received his medical degree fro Harvard When patients contacted him he did everything he could do to help them. From Legendary Locals of Amesbury By Margie Walker

From History of Essex County 1874. The death of Dr. Thomas Sparhawk occurred at Newburyport, May 17th. He was a prominent and much beloved physician at Amesbury for many years, removing to the city a short time before his death. He freely gave to all in want, and was ever ready to aid suffering humanity, being truly the "poor man's doctor."

A monument was erected over his grave by his friends and very properly inscribed " To the memory of our beloved physician."

Genealogy Sparhawk Family

Dr. Thomas Sparhawk of Amesbury, was one of the poet's life-long friends. In a letter from Dr. Holmes he wrote: Whittier poke to me most emphatically of my fellow-student and brother physician, the late Thomas Sparhawk, as one of the bee men be ever knew. Dr. Sparhawk was a Sandemaniau, a member of a very limited society of Christians, best known to many persons as the church which claimed the allegiance of that great philosopher and admirable man, Michael Faraday.

While gathering grapes in an arbor in this garden, in 1847, Mr. Whittier received a bullet wound in the cheek. Two boys were firing at a mark on the grounds of a neighbor, and this mark was near where Whittier stood, but on account of a high fence they did not see him. When the bullet struck him, he was so concerned lest his mother should be alarmed by the accident that he said nothing, not even notifying the boys. He bound up his bleeding face in a handkerchief and called on Dr. Sparhawk, who lived near. As soon as the wound was dressed, he came home and gave his family their first notice of the accident. The boys had not then learned the result of their carelessness. The lad who fired the gun was named Philip Butler, and he has since acquired a high reputation as an artist. The painting representing the Haverhill homestead which is to be seen at the birthplace was executed by this artist. He tells of the kindness with which Whittier received his tearful confession. It was during the first days of the Mexican war, and some of the papers humorously commented upon it as a singular fact that the first blood drawn was from the veins of a Quaker who had so actively opposed entering upon that war.

From History of Amesbury by Joseph Merrill

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Francis Kelton and Joanna Alice Colby

From Men of Vermont: An Illustrated Biographical History of Vermonters and Sons of Vermont
By Redfield Proctor, Charles H. Davenport, Levi Knight Fuller

Francis Philip Kelton of East Montpelier, Vermont son of Samuel S. and Ursula (Sprague) Kelton, was born in East Montplier, May 6, 1841. The name of Kelton has been well known and honored in this town for three generations. The grandfather of Francis P. settled in town in 1 798. His son Samuel S. Kelton was prominent in official affairs for sixteen years; was assistant judge of Washington county court for two years. He moved to Montpelier in 1876 and died there March, 1892.
Francis P. was born and reared on the paternal homestead, receiving such education as the common schools afforded, supplemented by a course of instruction at Dr. Spaulding's Academy at Barre.
He married, Jan. 19, 1876, Joanna A., Colby daughter of Capt. Edwin John. and Mary Follansbee (Wigglesworth) Colby of Salisbury, Mass., of which marriage there is issue: Mary Hale Kelton, Raymond Allen Kelton, and Robert Stillman Kelton.
Mr. Kelton has successfully pursued the vocation of a farmer on the farm which his father occupied. He has made a specialty of dairy products and raising thoroughbred Jerseys. Here he lives, respected by his
townsmen, all of whom recognize his private worth and hearty interest in all good works. He belongs to the majority party of the state, has been selectman and held other civil offices, as well as representing East Montpelier in the state Legislature in 1890. 

From  Gazetteer of Washington County, Vt., 1783-1889
 edited by William Adams

Nahum Kelton was born in Warwick, Mass., in January, 1778. He came to Montpelier in the fall of 1798, and spent the ensuing winter in the employ of Col. Jacob Davis. The next spring he returned to Warwick, and soon after went to Schoharie, N. Y., and spent about three years in teaching public schools. About 1800 he returned to Montpelier, and in 1809 married Fanny, daughter of Dr. Philip and Eunice Vincent, and settled on the farm where his son Truman C. now lives, and where he remained until his death, in 1857. He taught school in New York and Vermont thirteen winters. As early as 18to he was elected deputy sheriff and served six years, and was constable the ensuing seven years. He represented the town of Montpelier in the state legislature in 1816, '17, '18, and '20, and again in 1829, and also held other offices. He was the father of two sons, Samuel Stillman and Truman C., both of whom are now living.  

Samuel S. Kelton was born on the homestead in October, 1810. March 10, 1838, he married Ursula Sprague, and settled on the farm in East Montpelier, where his son Francis P. now lives, and where he resided nearly forty years. He now resides in Montpelier village. Judge Kelton has held nearly all the offices in his town. He has been justice of the peace thirty-five years, town treasurer sixteen years, served as selectman, and was assistant judge of Washington County Court in 1861 and 1862. He has settled many important estates, some of which have involved him in litigation; but he has never had a law suit on his own account. His son Francis P. was horn where he now lives, in May, 1841. He married Joanna Colby and is now an enterprising farmer and stock breeder. Dwight H., son of Samuel S. Kelton, was born in October, 1843. He was educated at Norwich University, especially in military tactics and mathematics. In the late war he served as captain of a colored company, and held some important positions that required ability and skill At the close of the war he entered the regular army as second lieutenant, and now holds a captain's commission.

 By Hiram Carleton

From Ron Colby  

Capt. EdwinJohn COLBY was born on 31 JUL 1812 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (SOURCE: Early Vital Records of Essex County, Massachusetts to 1850 for Salisbury. Originally given the name Lorentz Spitzenfiel Colby, List of Persons Whose Names Have Been Changed in This Commonwealth Feb. 26, 1814.) He appeared in the census in 1850 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (SOURCE: 1850 Massachusetts Census. Salisbury, Essex County, page 20. Age 38.) He died on 19 DEC 1859 at Bremen-Vegesack, Weser, Germany.
Name: Edwin J. Colby
Gender: Male
Burial Date:
Burial Place:
Death Date: 19 Dec 1859
Death Place: Bremen, Germany
Age: 47
Birth Date: 1812
Birthplace: Salisbury
Occupation: Sea Captain
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name:
Father's Name: John Colby
Father's Birthplace:
Mother's Name: Dolly Colby
Mother's Birthplace:
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: B06700-1
System Origin: Massachusetts-EASy
Source Film Number: 960175
Reference Number: v 129 p 182
Collection: Massachusetts Deaths and Burials, 1795-1910

Mary Follansbee Wigglesworth d of Samuel Wigglesworth and Joanna Heckettboth of Newbury, MA

He was a mariner. (BOOK SOURCE: "The Colby Family in Early America" by Frederick Lewis Weis, Caledonia, The Colonial Press, pub 1970.) Parents: John COLBY and Dolly BAGLEY.
Spouse: Mary Follansbee WIGGLESWORTH. Capt. Edwin John COLBY and Mary Follansbee WIGGLESWORTH were married on 2 MAY 1836 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (SOURCE: FHL Number 890246, 890245; COLBY, Edwin J., Marriage: Mary F. WIGGLESWORTH, Date: 02 May 1836; Recorded in: Salisbury, Essex, Massachusetts.) Children were: John Edwin COLBY, Mary Elizabeth COLBY, Ada Josephine COLBY, Joanna Alice COLBY.

John Albert Macy & Anne Sullivan Macy

From the Scrapbooks of DOR @ the Macy Colby House archives some great info on descendants of Thomas Macy
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John Albert Macy b. April 10 1877. 
Son of Janet Foster Macy and Powell Macy. 
Powell, son of Oliver Macy and Phebe Fowler Powell.
Oliver, son of Peter Macy and Ann Snow
Peter, son of Obed Macy and Abigail Pinkham
Obed, son of Caleb Macy and Judith Gardner
Caleb, son of Richard Macy and Deborah Pinkham
Richard, son of John Macy and  Deborah Gardner
John, son of Thomas Macy and Sarah Hopscott

J A Macy Draft

In 1895, John was admitted on a scholarship to Harvard University where he achieved an outstanding academic and extracurricular record. Not only did he win the coveted Phi Beta Kappa key, but he was also editor-in-chief of the Harvard Advocate.

                  Obed Macy, b. 15 January 1762, d. 24 December 1844

                      Abigail Pinkham b. 7 December 1764, d. 23 October 1842

When he was twenty-five years old and an instructor of English at Harvard, he was introduced to Helen Keller, then a student at Radcliffe College, and her teacher, Anne Sullivan, by a good friend, Lenore Smith, who knew Helen could use some help in writing her first book.

More on Family

Judith Macy and Her Daybook; or, Crevecoeur and the Wives of Sherborn by Lisa Norling
Life in the Mansion on Pleasant Street:
The Women, Part I More from American National Biography 

J A Macy author, critic, and poet, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Powell Macy and Janet Foster Patten, the descendants of early New England settlers long associated with the whaling industry. John Macy grew up in the Boston area and attended Malden High School in Malden, Massachusetts. Upon graduation in 1895 he enrolled at Harvard on a partial scholarship, majoring in English literature.

Though he had to supplement his scholarship with various jobs, Macy excelled at his studies and was an outstanding student. He was also a leader in extracurricular activities and a member of several elite campus clubs. He served as editor in chief of the school newspaper, the Harvard Advocate; edited the satirical magazine the Harvard Lampoon; and was named the class poet. Graduating with honors in 1899, he was also elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

Macy remained at Harvard following graduation, teaching in the English department for several years and earning a master of arts degree in 1900. The following year he became an associate editor of a prominent children's magazine, Youth's Companion, headquartered in Boston. While still at Harvard, Macy had been introduced to the celebrated blind deaf mute Helen Keller, who was then attending Radcliffe College, the women's division of Harvard. A mutual friend, Lenore Smith, thought that Macy would be able to help Keller write her autobiography.

Macy was fascinated by Keller, whose triumph over severe handicaps--made possible by the devotion of Annie Sullivan, who had taught her to read and write--made her an international heroine. Agreeing wholeheartedly to the task, Macy learned the manual language used to communicate with the blind and deaf. Working closely with Sullivan, Keller's companion as well as her teacher, Macy helped Keller write and edit the book and also acted as its agent, securing a lucrative contract with the New York publishing firm Doubleday, Page & Co. Keller's The Story of My Life proved a sensation when it was serialized in the Ladies' Home Journal in 1902, and the autobiography garnered even greater acclaim when it was published in book form early the following year.

 Helen Keller, Anne Sullivan Macy, Mark Twain, John Macy at Stormfield (Redding, Connecticut)

Macy's collaboration with Keller and Sullivan brought them into intimate contact, and the three formed a close attachment to one another. Continuing to assist Keller with her writing--he also published several articles about Keller under his own name--Macy became a de facto part of the Keller-Sullivan household, first in Cambridge and then in Wrentham, Massachusetts, where the two women shared a cottage. Macy desired a permanent relationship, and that meant marriage to Annie Sullivan, since both Sullivan and Keller, as well as Keller's family, believed that Keller's handicaps precluded her from marrying. Indeed, the two women were inseparable and thought of themselves as one person. Sullivan refused Macy's advances for several years, partly on the grounds that she was eleven years his senior. Eventually, however, she consented, and they were married in 1905.

The unusual nature of the Macy-Sullivan marriage made the relationship a difficult one to sustain. Keller was central to Sullivan's life--the women were constantly together, with Keller even accompanying Macy and Sullivan on their honeymoon--and Sullivan ruled the household as a consequence. Macy and Sullivan had little time for themselves, and, according to numerous biographers, their interactions were damaged by Sullivan's acknowledged moodiness and frequent outbursts of bad temper. A woman who was partially blind herself and had survived, against all odds, a horrific childhood, Sullivan was a gifted teacher but an understandably flawed human being. The marriage frayed, and there were intermittent separations. By 1914 Macy had left the household permanently to live on his own. The couple had no children. Macy had developed a drinking problem as he coped with the stress of his marriage, and his reliance on alcohol to relieve personal anguish persisted for the remainder of his life.

From his days at Harvard Macy had become increasingly interested in politics. By 1909 he was openly avowing an allegiance to socialism, perhaps partly as a consequence of his impoverished background. He shared his enthusiasm for socialism with Keller and Sullivan, and a major consequence of his relationship with Keller was her conversion to the socialist cause, an attachment she held throughout her life. (Sullivan, conservative and skeptical, refused to become a partisan.)

During his years with Youth's Companion Macy was a frequent contributor of literary essays to leading publications, including the Atlantic Monthly. In 1907 he published his first book, Edgar Allan Poe, a well-received critical study of the author. In 1909, a year after leaving Youth's Companion, he published his second book, A Child's Guide to Reading. After taking time off from literature in 1912 to serve as secretary to George R. Lunn, the socialist mayor of Schenectady, New York, Macy gained widespread critical attention with the publication of his third book, The Spirit of American Literature (1913). The work championed a new realism in American writing and singled out for praise both Edith Wharton and Theodore Dreiser, who would eventually be acknowledged as major contributors to the American literary canon.
After a brief stint as literary editor of the Boston Herald newspaper (1913-14), politics as well as literature became Macy's focus. Increasingly opposed to warfare, he tried to join an American ambulance corps serving in France during World War I but could not afford the travel expenses: an appeal to his Harvard classmates for financial support went unheeded. Macy further alienated himself from the then conservative university when he published Socialism in America (1916), a sympathetic history of the movement in the United States. The book reportedly caused such consternation among alumni that he was later denied membership in the Harvard Club of New York.

Increasingly devoted to a belief in service to society, Macy focused his next book, Walter James Dodd: A Biographical Sketch (1918), on one of his own personal heroes, a pioneering roentgenologist. He continued to write essays on both literary and political subjects, and in 1922, two years after moving to New York City, he became literary editor of the Nation, a left-leaning, vintage political weekly. The association lasted only a year, in part because Macy, always sympathetic to the underdog, assigned reviews on the basis of personal need rather than expertise on the part of the reviewer.

After moving to New York in 1920 Macy had begun a relationship with a young sculptor who was also a deaf mute; the couple had a daughter together. Macy begged Sullivan for a divorce but she refused. The sculptor, whose name has not been publicly revealed, died in the late 1920s, leaving Macy to care for the child.

Hard-pressed to earn a living, Macy wrote several notable works for hire during the 1920s, including the essay "Journalism," published in Harold E. Stearns, ed., Civilization in the United States, an Inquiry by Thirty Americans (1922), and the book Massachusetts (1923), part of the history series These United States, edited by a friend, the future politician Ernest Gruening. During the 1920s he also published The Critical Game (1922), a collection of literary essays, and The Story of the World's Literature (1925), a handbook for the general reader. In 1926 Macy finally achieved stable employment when he became a literary editor at the publishing house William Morrow & Company, and that association continued until his death.

Macy was also the author of About Women (1930), a somewhat reactionary volume that criticized the feminist movement and called upon American men to resist what he called the feminization of American culture. With Blanche Colton Williams he co-authored Do You Know English Literature? (1930), another essay collection aimed at the general reader. In addition, he was the editor of American Writers on American Literature (1931), calling in his preface for a robust, lively literary criticism freed from academic restraints and accessible to the public.

Although Macy was in declining health for many years because of his alcoholism, his sudden death from a heart attack was unexpected. It occurred, appropriately, during a lecture series on American literature that he was presenting to trade unionists in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

Limited biographical information on Macy can be found in the archives of Harvard University. A brief sketch of his life and career is included in George E. DeMille, Literary Criticism in America; a Preliminary Survey (1931). Although Macy was considered a major literary critic at the time of his death--one of the most important in America, according to his obituary in the New York Times, 27 Aug. 1932--he is now remembered mostly for his association with Helen Keller and Annie Sullivan. There are numerous biographies of Keller and Sullivan that discuss their relationships with Macy; the most reliable, extensive, and informative is Joseph P. Lash's monumental study Helen and Teacher: The Story of Helen Keller and Annie Sullivan Macy (1980). See also Nella Braddy, Anne Sullivan Macy: The Story behind Helen Keller (1933). In addition to the New York Times obituary, see death notices for Macy in Publishers' Weekly, 3 Sept. 1932, and the Nation, 4 Oct 1922.
By Ann T. Keene

In this photograph taken at Wrentham, circa 1905, John is seated in three-quarter profile between Helen and Anne. Helen stands in front of him and Anne stands behind him. She leans against the back of his chair with her right hand on his shoulder. He is holding a manuscript and looking up at the camera while manually signing into Helen's hand. John wears a light colored suit with a darker necktie that seems to be tied in a soft bow. Anne wears a dark, two-piece dress with a white blouse under the jacket. Helen's dress is also dark, with a deeply curved white collar, a high waist, and full three-quarter length sleeves with net ruffles at the elbow.

John, Anne, and Helen are shown standing with a dog in a garden, under a wooden structure covered in leaves, circa 1905. John is leaning slightly to his left, holding the dog's collar. He wears a light colored suit with a white shirt and dark tie. Anne wears what appears to be two-piece dress with a long dark skirt, a matching hip-length jacket and a white blouse. Helen's dark dress is long, with a high waist and a white collar. The full, three-quarter length sleeves have a dark net ruffle at the elbow.

John Macy swiftly learned the manual alphabet to communicate directly with the then twenty-two-year-old Helen Keller. He helped her edit her book The Story of My Life, which was published in its entirety by Doubleday, Page and Company in 1903. Macy married Anne Sullivan.

Portrait of Anne Sullivan, circa 1887

This head and shoulders photographic portrait of Anne in profile shows her looking quite glamorous. She wears what appears to be a large jeweled barrette in her hair. Her Empire-style dress has a square neck and gathered bodice. Two long strands of sparkling beads are attached to the shoulder straps of the dress. Photo circa 1910.

This photograph shows Anne Sullivan Macy, center, receiving an honorary degree from Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1932. Polly is second from the left and Helen is third. All three women, as well as the four male faculty members, are wearing caps and gowns. They are standing in front of the glass doors of a large stone building. Photo credit: Acme Newspictures, Inc., New York.

This photograph appeared in the Illustrated Daily News. It shows, from left to right, Franklin Ardell, Anne Sullivan Macy, Sieglende (the dog), Helen Keller, and Margaret Vail in front of a car. They are taking part in a strike by actors in 1919. The car resembles an old Ford motor car. All three women wear splendid hats with wide brims. Anne and Helen appear to be wearing furs around their necks. Sieglende, in the center, is sitting on the hood of the car and Margaret Vail holds a banner that reads "THOSE NOT FOR EQUITY ONLY 27' (Guaranteed Harmless spirits)."

From The House in Wrentham
Today’s Heroine – Anne Sullivan Macy (1866-1936)
Letter from John Albert Macy to Alexander Graham Bell, April 4, 1903

Mrs. Macy Is Dead; Aided Miss Keller
October 21, 1936
Mrs. Anne Mansfield Sullivan Macy, who for nearly fifty years was the kindly, patient and brilliant teacher of Miss Helen Keller, noted blind and deaf woman, died yesterday at their home, 71-11 Seminole Avenue, Forest Hills, Queens. She had been suffering from a heart ailment, which became acute early this Summer. Mrs. Macy was 70 years old.
Mrs. Macy taught Miss Keller to read, speak and know the world about her by use of her fingertips. Their lifelong devotion to each other was internationally famous and one was seldom seen or heard of without the other. Blindness, which had shadowed the child Anne Sullivan's life and which she had conquered before she met Miss Keller, had returned to darken her last days, and Miss Keller had to become the teacher and Mrs. Macy the pupil.
Miss Keller yesterday paid this tribute: "Teacher is free at least from pain and blindness. I pray for strength to endure the silent dark until she smiles upon me again."
Miss Polly Thompson, Miss Keller's secretary, said yesterday that Miss Keller was "bearing up magnificently" under her loss. During the last week Miss Keller was almost constantly at Mrs. Macy's side. Mrs. Macy was in a coma from Thursday until she died. On Wednesday she said: "Oh, Helen and Polly, my children, I pray God will unite us in His love."
Mrs. Macy, so long the link to light for Miss Keller, lost the sight of her own right eye in 1929, due partly to a cataract, for which an operation was performed. In May, 1935, a cataract operation was done on her left eye, but thereafter she was able to distinguish only light and color with it. She could no longer read or guide her beloved Miss Keller, who, despite her own handicaps, devoted herself to her friend.
Pupil Guides Teacher in Braille As early as 1933 Miss Keller had commenced to teach Mrs. Macy to read Braille. But the Braille system had changed since Mrs. Macy taught it to Miss Keller and the teacher found it difficult.
When it became known that year that Miss Keller, who had been led out of the black silence in which she had existed since childhood by the ingenuity, perseverance and patience of her teacher, was in turn preparing her teacher to "see" with her fingers, THE NEW YORK TIMES, in an editorial, said:
"The 'blind leading the blind' will henceforth have a new meaning wherever the story of Anne Sullivan and Helen Keller is known. They who have been exiled from the light have been able to demonstrate the power of the mind to overcome limitation."
Mrs. Macy was 21 years old when she met Helen Keller. Born in Feeding Hills, near Springfield, Mass., on April 14, 1866, the daughter of Irish immigrants, John and Mary Mansfield Sullivan, Mrs. Macy suffered the loss of her mother when a young child. For a year or two she was supported by poor relatives, but at the age of 10 she was sent to the State Infirmary, Tewksbury, Mass.
She was already partially blind and at the infirmary two eye operations were performed, but her sight did not improve. She was led to believe that Frank B. Sanborn, chairman of the State Board of Charities, who sometimes visited the infirmary, might be able to aid her. She pleaded with him and he arranged for her entry into the Perkins Institution for the Blind in Boston, where lived Laura Bridgman, blind and deaf, who had been trained there.
Underwent Two Eye Operations Mrs. Macy entered the Perkins Institution in 1880, made there a brilliant scholastic record and learned to study with her fingers, and later, after two operations had restored her sight, to use her eyes. She learned the manual, or finger, alphabet, so as to be able to talk to Laura Bridgman. In 1886 she was graduated as valedictorian of her class.
Not long after her graduation Helen Keller's father wrote to the institution asking for help for her. Miss Sullivan was chosen to be her teacher and, after familiarizing herself with the details of her new work, went to Helen's home in Tuscumbia, Ala.
The two who were to mean so much to each other until Mrs. Macy's death yesterday met first on March 3, 1887, three months before Helen was 7 years old. Miss Keller said later that it was "the most important day I remember in all my life."
Working carefully, so as to bring Helen under some sort of discipline without breaking her spirit, Mrs. Macy began spelling words into her hand. With no understanding of what they meant, Helen began repeating them.
The teacher persisted, spelling the word doll when she gave her a doll, bread when she gave her bread, candy when she gave her candy. In less than a month Helen realized that everything had a name and that she had a way, the finger alphabet, of calling the names.
Teaching Along New Paths One day Mrs. Macy tried to teach Helen the difference between a cup and the water in the cup. She took her to a pump, pumped water over one hand and spelled water into the other hand. Helen at last understood. She pointed to Miss Sullivan, who spelled teacher, and "teacher" she was to the close.
Mrs. Macy educated Helen, using always the finger spelling, but treating her like any other child. After preliminary lessons in speaking, Helen learned from Mrs. Macy to converse and even speak from a platform.
Teacher and pupil remained for a time at the Perkins Institution. Then, in 1894, Helen was enrolled in the Wright-Humason Oral School for the Deaf in New York. Later Miss Sullivan took her to a school in Cambridge to prepare her for Radcliffe College and finally Helen passed triumphantly her entrance examinations, entered Radcliffe and in 1904 was graduated cum laude.
Throughout the college course Mrs. Macy was with Helen, spelling into her hands the words of the textbooks and the books of required reading. Miss Keller's career thereafter brought her more and more into the public eye. She became famous as an author, she raised huge sums for the blind, she traveled, she was everywhere acclaimed, and Mrs. Macy went everywhere with her.
"My own life," Mrs. Macy said once, "is so interwoven with my Helen's life that I can't separate myself from her."
Honored by Foreign Lands When Mrs. Macy's sixty-seventh birthday was celebrated Miss Keller proposed a toast:
"Here's to my teacher, whose birthday was the Easter morning of my life."
In 1931 Mrs. Macy received the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Temple University and the Order of St. Sava from the King of Yugoslavia.
In 1932 she became an honorary fellow of the Educational Institute of Scotland. Mrs. Macy stayed in seclusion for several months in 1933 in Scotland while Miss Keller nursed her. Mrs. Macy's blindness grew more pronounced and on her return from Scotland she said:
"Helen is and always has been thoroughly well behaved in her blindness as well as her deafness, but I'm making a futile fight of it, like a bucking bronco. It's not the big things in life that one misses through loss of sight, but such little things as being able to read. And I have no patience, like Helen, for the Braille system, because I can't read fast enough."
Early this month the Roosevelt Memorial Association announced that Roosevelt medals "for a cooperative achievement of heroic character and far-reaching significance" would be presented to Miss Keller and Mrs. Macy. In a telegram of sympathy to Miss Keller yesterday Hermann Hagedorn, executive director of the association, said that presentation to Miss Keller would be postponed from Oct. 27 to next year.
Mrs. Macy was married to John Albert Macy, author and critic, in 1905. He died in 1932. There are no immediate survivors.
A funeral service will be conducted at 2 P. M. tomorrow at the Park Avenue Presbyterian Church, 1,010 Park Avenue, by the Rev. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick and the Rev. Edmund M. Wylie, the pastor.
After the service, cremation will take place, in accord with Mrs. Macy's wish, at the Fresh Pond Crematory, Queens.
The honorary pallbearers will be M. C. Migel, president of the American Foundation for the Blind, which Miss Keller and Mrs. Macy greatly aided; Robert Irwin, executive director of the foundation; Harvey D. Gibson, Russell Doubleday, Dr. Conrad Berens, Dr. Philip S. Smith, Dr. William F. Saybolt, Dr. John H. Finley, Louis Bamberger, the Rev. Dr. Edward E. Allen, director emeritus of the Perkins Institution; Dr. William Allan Neilson, president of Smith College, and William Ziegler Jr.

Thursday, August 28, 2014

Anne Houlton Walker first "Pub Crawler" Boston


On April 30 1638 John Winthrop reported that "Anne, wife of Richard Walker, being cast out of the church of Boston for intemperate drinking from one inn to another and for light and wanton behavior," was sentenced to be whipped, "but because she was with child her punishment was respited" She was excommunicated for a variety of infractions, including "cruelty toward her children." and She was tied, with shoulders naked, to the Whipping-post; but being with child she was not whipped." Many call her the first "pub crawler."

From the Great Migration Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VII, T-Y

According to "Christianity and Sexuality in the Early Modern World: Regulating Desire, Reforming Practice,"
excommunication was decided only by the patriarchs of the church and was the harshest penalty set on an individual and could be administered for secular acts, or for any crimes committed outside the church.  

Well looking over a two month span Anne Hutchinson and Judith Smith were also bared from service. These three women, according to Darren Staloff in "The Making of an American Thinking Class: Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts," were the first in seven years to get the boot with the exception of one fellow, who was readmitted with seven months of his excommunication. 

However, in "New World, New Roles: A Documentary History of Women in Pre-industrial America," authors Sylvia R and Frey, Marian J. Morton assert that Winthrop clearly put the energy into his nightly recapping of the day to day events  on woman's misconduct and "bawdy" behavior. Two examples of event in 1634 are both excommunicated for murdering their children and "should be sufficient to impress the pathos or the downright tragedy of the situation;" 
"A cooper's wife of Hingham, having been long in a sad melancholic distemper near to phrensy, and having formerly attempted to drown her child, but prevented by God's gracious providence, did now again take an opportunity. . . . And threw it into the water and mud . . . She carried the child again, and threw it in so far as it could not get out; but then it pleased God, that a young man, coming that way, saved it. She would give no other reason for it, but that she did it to save it from misery, and with that she was assured, she had sinned against the Holy Ghost, and that she could not repent of any sin. Thus doth Satan work by the advantage of our infirmities, which would stir us up to cleave the more fast to Christ Jesus, and to walk the more humbly and watchfully in all our conversation."
"Dorothy Talbye was hanged at Boston for murdering her own daughter a child of three years old. She had been a member of the church of Salem, and of good esteem for godliness, but, falling at difference with her husband, through melancholy or spiritual delusions, she sometimes attempted to kill him, and her children, and herself, by refusing meat. . . . After much patience, and divers admonitions not prevailing, the church cast her out. Whereupon she grew worse; so as the magistrate caused her to be whipped. Whereupon she was reformed for a time, and carried herself more dutifully to her husband, but soon after she was so possessed with Satan, that he persuaded her (by his delusions, which she listened to as revelations from God) to break the neck of her own child, that she might free it from future misery. This she confessed upon her apprehension; yet, at her arraignment, she stood mute a good space, till the governor told her she should be pressed to death, and then she confessed the indictment. When she was to receive judgment, she would not uncover her face, nor stand up, but as she was forced, nor give any testimony of her repentance, either then or at her execution. The cloth which should have covered her face, she plucked off, and put between the rope and her neck. She desired to have been beheaded, giving this reason, that it was less painful and less shameful, Mr. Peter, her late pastor, and Mr. Wilson, went with her to the place of execution, but could do no good with her."   Winthrop: History of New England, Vol. II, pp. 79, 335.

And from Church records is looks as though Anne Walker was not the only one partaking in spirits that were not of the good pastors words:

Case #4, Page 22 Anne Walker April 29, 1638
[Church Records show the children James in 1634 & Jabez in 1637 being baptized.] 

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Cushing Guards of Newburyport

From the Archives & Shared Photos of Civil War Soldiers

In October 1875 Newburyport held celebration and parade for the 100th anniversary of the Cushing Guards the men who fought in the Civil War from the area marched, feasted, and toasted. For More information on Civil War and Cushing Guards see The city of Newburyport in the Civil War from 1861 to 1865
Records at the PEM
Newburyport and the Civil War By William Hallett 
Cushing Guards among first to answer Lincoln's call by Joe Callahan
For More Civil War and Maritime Visit Custom House maritime Museum in Newburyport

This 1844 picture shows Caleb Cushing shortly after his successful negotiation of the Treaty of Wangxia, in the middle of his long political career. At the time this picture was made, Cushing still had years of service ahead of him: as Mayor of Newburyport, US Attorney General under Franklin Pierce, Minister to Colombia, and Minister to Spain, among other positions. From Sailing onward by BY DYKE HENDRICKSON

Monday, October 18, 1875
Paper: Boston Traveler (Boston, MA)

Col. Frederick J Coffin (October 17, 1807--July 26, 1880) son of Moses Coffin of Newbury and Mary Jones of South Hampton Early Vital Records of Newbury MA & Marriages and baptisms at South Hampton, N.H. 1743-1801: From a ms. copy of the church record 
Moses Coffin born 1772 was son of Eliphalet Coffin and Lydia Emery
Eliphalet Coffin was son of John Coffin and Hannah Cheney
Lydia Emery was d. of  Moses Emery and Lydia Emery d.of Stephen Emery and Ruth Jacques

The USS Mississippi and the USS Missouri were the first two steam powered naval warships built by the US Navy when they finally got back into the steam warship business. From No. 2322: THE STEAM NAVY by John H. Lienhard



From the celebration day as recorded in Newburyport Herald 

"The photo of the man standing with the binoculars is that of Major-General Benjamin F. Peach, Jr. of Marblehead. He was the highest ranking officer in American Peach history. I have a full page photo of his face on p. 60 of The Peach Tree Handbook, Vol. III, Marblehead Branch. This is the first I have seen the photo Harvey submitted. Quite clear and impressive. 
John H. Peach" From General Peach, Civil War

       Dr. Charles Haddock. (Photo from American Civil War Data Systems)

                                                                   Francis E Porter

                                              Grave of Captain Stephen D. Gardiner

                                                                  Thomas H. Berry

Epaulets belonging to Gen. Joseph A. Ingalls, 1800s - Old State House Museum, Boston, MA
Frederick J Coffin in Newburyport

                                                     Joseph A Barlow

                                      From Clipper Heritage Trail Site City Hall, 1851

Ckeck out another article featuring Coffin from Old Time New England from historic New England written by Mardges Bacon 1976